Ulcerative Colitis is an inflammatory bowel disorder that leads to sores in the digestive tract or innermost lining of the large intestine and colon. It affects the entire colon or the lower section called sigmoid colon and the rectum. It can be termed as a kind of eczema of the colon which is associated with blood stagnation in the lower half of the body. Here you will find How To Overcome Ulcerative Colitis With Herbal Remedies and Diet.
Ulcerative colitis is a disorder resulting due to inappropriate attack one’s immune system which leads to ulcers and inflammation in large intestines.
According to Ayurveda
- It is a metabolic disorder also called Pittaj Grahani in Ayurveda.
- As the name suggests, it is due to the imbalance of pitta energy in the body.
- Aggravation of pitta results in damage of rakta dhatu or blood tissues and mamsa dhatu or muscle tissues.
- This leads to the formation of Ama or toxins in the intestine.
- It is a disease of Purishvaha strotas. In some cases, Vatta dosha is also involved which when aggravated results in mucus accumulation and inflammation in the lower colon region.
- The key to any health disorder is a balanced diet that fuels up the body with essential nutrients but does not aggravate the digestive tract.
- Diet is a tool that can help an ulcerative colitis patient in managing his symptoms.
- Ulcerative Colitis is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the colon and rectum that leads to abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, blood or pus in the stools, rectal bleeding, fatigue and weight loss.
A low fiber diet
- A low fiber diet is recommended for Ulcerative Colitis patients during the flare-up so that there is reduced material in the colon and symptoms associated with it gets relieved. Fiber should only be decreased during acute symptoms.
- Soft, cooked vegetables like carrots and spinach are the rich source of Vitamin A and K. The food should be in puree form without any irritating fiber. Pureed vegetable soups are easy to digest. One may take canned vegetables and potatoes as long as the peel is removed.
- Well-cooked white rice is a good option. One should cook rice with some turmeric to reduce inflammation. Squash is the best vegetable for UC patients as it is high in fiber, antioxidants, beta-carotene and vitamin C.
- During the flare-up, it is advised to opt for white pieces of bread and pasta made from enriched white flour.
- Apple Sauce (unsweetened) is an excellent choice for UC patients as it is soft and easily digested.
- Apples are rich in vitamins and minerals like potassium. One may prepare it by cooking peeled and sliced apples with some water and pureeing the mixture.
- One needs to opt for very ripe and soft bananas to provide carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in the body. Seedless grapes, peaches, sweet melons, and avocados may also be taken.
Juices such as Pomegranate juice and carrot juice are enjoyable to drink as long as there is no pulp in it.
- Unsweetened Yogurt and other fermented foods like kefir, miso, and sauerkraut are great probiotics (contain live and active cultures).
- They maintain optimal levels of good bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Yogurt is the excellent source of protein.
- Salmon is very helpful in soothing the symptoms associated with UC. It is rich in omega three fatty acids which are known to ease inflammation and is beneficial for the heart and colon.
- Eggs are an excellent source of proteins, antioxidant selenium, and Vitamin B and are well tolerated by UC patients. One may take scrambled eggs or make an omelet with cooked vegetables.
- Peanut butter, olive oil, and coconut oil are excellent choices for UC patients.
- Peanut butter is a lactose-free source of protein and healthy fats.
- UC patients should choose creamy peanut butter to avoid nut pieces.
- Staying Hydrated is very important during the flare-ups as the patient gets diarrhea leading to loss of fluids from the body.
- Sports drinks may be combined with water to replace lost carbohydrates and electrolytes.
Ayurvedic Herbal Remedies for Ulcerative Colitis
- Herbal Remedies include the intake of Chamomile tea, Calendula Flower Tea, Fenugreek seeds, Rice water, Coconut water with honey, Turmeric mixed in a glass of warm water, Apple cider vinegar mixed with honey.
The foods that one needs to refrain from includes the following:
Whole grain bread, cereals, noodles, macaroni, and pasta, should be avoided as they are rich in fiber which is difficult for UC patients to digest. It is essential to avoid brown rice, oats, wild rice, buckwheat, quinoa, millet, plain barley, wheat berries, spelled, bulgur wheat.
Foods to Be Avoided
- Raw fruits, dried fruits and the ones with seeds like berries and all fresh vegetables and uncooked vegetables must be avoided especially during flare-ups. Avoid prune juice as it is high in fiber.
- All nuts, seeds, and beans should be avoided during flare up as the fiber in nuts are hard to digest.
- Nuts include walnuts, hazelnuts, pecans, cashews, almonds, peanuts. Pistachios, macadamia nuts
- Seeds include sesame seeds, pine nuts, sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds. Popcorns should be avoided too.
- Beans include chickpeas, soybeans, lentils and peas as they all are high in fiber and may cause and other symptoms.
- Dairy products may trigger symptoms in some patients. One needs to avoid dairy products like butter, milk, yogurt, cheese to get relief.
Prevention & Tips
- It is advised to avoid excess sulfate and sulfides in the diet as they lead to the formation of H2S gas. One needs to reduce the intake of red meat, beer, wine, cheese, dried fruits, grape juice and cruciferous vegetables.
- All gluten-containing grains, cereals, baked goods must be avoided if gluten is causing the flare-ups. Gluten can be found in bread, pasta, soups, sauces, cereals, cooked foods, etc.
- Caffeine makes the symptoms worse in some cases. One needs to limit the intake of tea, coffee, soda and chocolates and carbonated drinks like soda, beer as these contain carbonation that may irritate the digestive tract and cause gas.
- One needs to avoid alcohol as much as possible as liquor triggers diarrhea in some patients.
For patients of Ulcerative Colitis, it is essential to prepare a food journal for themselves, so they know which food gives them good results and which foods lead to flare-ups.
By adding one meal at a time and recording it, a person can determine what they need to eat and avoid acute conditions.